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4 2004 .
N 3.5.1904-04

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4 2004




1. : Ƞ (..
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(.. ); . (..
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(.. ).
2.
,
.. 04.03.04.
3.  Р 3.1.683-98 "

".

1.


頠 頠 -
- ,
,
;
, 蠠 蠠
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蠠 堠 堠 蠠
, .

2.

2.1.

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() ,
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.
2.2.
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2.3. 堠 堠 蠠

頠 : ⠠ -, ,
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2.5. ,
蠠 堠 堠 , ,
,
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2.6.
⠠ -
젠 ⠠
- .
2.7.
ࠠ Ҡ Р 15.013-94 "
蠠 蠠 .
", Ҡ Р 50444-92 ",
. ", 50267.0-92 "
. 1. ",
12.2.025-76 " . ",
Ԡ 15.08.01 N 325
18.03.02 " -
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2.8. 蠠

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2.9.
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3.

3.1. 堠 堠 -
205 315 .
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3.11. 堠 ()
젠 - 堠 蠠 -

.
3.12.
 -
 
젠 205 - 315 . 265

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3.13. ࠠ () -
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205 - 315 .
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3.21. ࠠ (堠 -
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3.22. -
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3.23.  -
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: W, - ().
3.24. -
,
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205 - 315 , = 265 , S()max
= 1.

4. ()


100
400 .
,
,
: - (315 - 400 ), - (280 - 315 ), -
(100 - 280 ).

, , ..

.
.

젠 205 - 315 ,
-
,
.

ࠠ .

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ࠠ . 1 <*>
S().
.
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<*> .

,  䠠 頠 頠
頠 蠠
.

(, ).
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頠 蠠 頠 砠 ()
,
90, 95 99,9%
254 .
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:

315
= SUM , S()., , (1)
205

:
205 - 315 - , ;
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/;
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.
, S().
.

205 - 315 ,
頠 ,
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= , , (2)

-
,
0 1.
0,85,
 - 0,42.

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ꠠ 
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. 堠 頠
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頠 ⠠ .

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.

1




------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| ࠠ | 堠 | 堠 | ࠠ |
| | ࠠ | | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| | We | , | |
| | | 젠 | () |
| | | | ( x ) |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| ꠠ | = We / t | 蠠 | 򠠠 |
| | | 蠠 | () |
| ( | | (t, ) | |
| ) | | | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| | , = | ࠠ | /젠 |
| | / | (, | |
| ࠠ | | ) | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | ( , ) | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| ࠠ | Ie = / | ࠠ | /𠠠 |
| | | | |
| ( | | (, ) <*>, | |
| | | ⠠ | |
| ࠠ | | 젠 | |
| ) | | | |
| | | 堠 | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| | = / S | ࠠ | /. 젠 |
| ( | | | |
| | | (S, . ) | |
| ࠠ | | | |
| ) | | | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| | Hs = We / S | 蠠 | /. 젠 |
| ࠠ | | | |
| | | (S, . ) | |
|-------------------|----------------|-------------------------|-------------|
| ࠠ | Hv = W / V | 蠠 | /. |
| | | ꠠ | 젠 |
| | | 󠠠 | |
| | | (V, . ) | |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------
<*>

2
: = S / , .


, (),
5 - 10 ,
:

2
= 11,3 x x , ;
(3)
2
I = x , .

ꠠ 젠
, ,

. : s = E t,
/. , : Hv = t / V, /.
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.

.
 頠 ,
 , 5-
.

J
(N) (N)
:

J = (N / N) x 100, %. (4)

5. -


5.1. - ,
젠 蠠 蠠 ,
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5.2.
:
- ,
;
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5.3. ,
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5.4.
堠 堠
, 堠
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5.5.  

蠠 蠠 . 蠠
(t)
(5) ,
0,001 /. :

t = 3,6 / , , (5)

- (/. )
1,5 .

(. . 6.4).
:

E = (,s N N . / S), /. , (6)

:
S - , . ;
,s -
;
- ;
N - ;
. - , ;
N - .

. ,s . 2
:

0,5
i = 0,48 x S / (h - 1,5),

h - , .

2


,S
I

----------------------------------------------------------------
|i |0,5 | 0,6 | 0,7 | 0,8 | 0,9 | 1,0 | 1,1 | 1,25 |
|------|-----|------|------|------|------|------|-------|------|
|,s |0,12 | 0,16 | 0,20 | 0,22 | 0,25 | 0,28 | 0,30 | 0,32 |
----------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------
|i |1,5 | 1,75 | 2,0 | 2,25 | 2,5 | 3,0 | 3,3 | 4,0 |
|------|-----|------|------|------|------|------|-------|------|
|,s |0,35 | 0,38 | 0,40 | 0,42 | 0,43 | 0,45 | 0,46 | 0,48 |
----------------------------------------------------------------

5.6.
,
ࠠ 頠 (): 蠠
, , , .
.
5.7. , ,
-
 ,
15 .
5.8. 堠 ࠠ ,
:
- - 0,03 /. (
) 2.1.6.1338-03 "
蠠 ()
";
- - 0,1 /. (
) 2.2.5.1313-03 "
() ".
5.9.
10 ..
5.10.

- ࠠ S. aureus
( ).
70%.
5.11. I - V , . 3,
.

- .

3

J
() v
S. AUREUS ,



------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| | 頠 | 頠 | | |
| | | 蠠 | | |
| | | <*>, 1 . 젠 | J, %, 堠 | v, |
| | | | 堠 | /. 젠 |
| | | | | ( |
| | | | | ) |
|-----------|------------------------------|----------------------------|----------------|-----------------|
| | | | S. | | |
| | | | aureus | | |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| I | , | 堠 | 堠 | 99,9 | 385 |
| | , , | 堠 |  | | |
| | <**>, | 500 | | | |
| | , | | | | |
| | 蠠 | | | | |
| | 頠 | | | | |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| II | , | 堠 | 堠 | 99 | 256 |
| | | 堠 | 堠 | | |
| | , 蠠 | 1000 | 4 | | |
| | | | | | |
| | , | | | | |
| | , | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | , 蠠 | | | | |
| | ,| | | | |
| | , | | | | |
| | ࠠ | | | | |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| III | , 堠 | 堠 | 堠 | 95 | 167 |
| | ( | | | | |
| | I II ) | | | | |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| IV | , | -"- | -"- | 90 | 130 |
| | , 堠 | | | | |
| | 蠠 | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | 蠠 | | | | |
| | 蠠 | | | | |
|-----------|------------------------------|-------------|--------------|----------------|-----------------|
| V | , | -"- | -"- | 85 | 105 |
| | 蠠 | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | Ӡ | | | | |
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------
<*> - .
<**> - .

5.12. ,
蠠 ,
, .

6.


6.1.
,
= 205 - 315 ,
. ,
,
,
- 60%
253,7 , ..
.
(5000 - 8000 )
.
- ,
10%,
10 , .
,
100
1000 .
.
253,7
185
,
.
,
,
185 . ,

, .

,
젠 젠 頠
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50 220 .
(),

. ,
頠  蠠 ,
.

:
-
= 205 - 315 ;
- ., ;
- ,
= . / ;
- , ;
- I, ;
- U, ;
- U, ,
f, ;
- (
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).
6.2.
  堠  ࠠ
.
頠 - ,
젠 : , ,
,
蠠 ,
.

- 堠 ( ),
(), .
( )
4 .


.
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頠 蠠 ,
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.
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:
:

= V / t, . /, (7)

:
V - , . ;
t - (),
J, %,
.
.

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() 0,3 - 0,4,
- 0,8, - 0,4,
"" - 0,9.
1 ,
/. ( ).
, .
cos f,
- .

(, ).
( ),
.
6.3.

- ,
⠠ ,
頠 蠠 -
(. 1).

:
- () ;
- ;
- -
;
- () ;
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-
;
- -
.

,


蠠 ⠠ ,
:

Hv = K N N . t x 3600 / V, /. . (8)

N (
) , N
-
.
:

N = V Hv / N . t x 3600, . (9)

- :

= V / t = V Kp, . /; (10)

N = Hv / . x 3600, . (11)

:
V - , . ;
Hv - , /. ,
J (. 3);
N - -
;
. - , ;
- ;
- - , . /;
-1
- , ;
t - , ;
- .
(9) (11)

- ,
.
:
.
. , 20%
50%.
20%
.
10%
15%.
蠠 堠 蠠 10%
.
. 10
40 .Ѡ 10%
. 10 .Ѡ
,
.
30%
. ,
2 .

. 蠠 80%
30% -
.
10% .
,
70% 1 /.
.

1 2
, .
蠠 蠠 ꠠ
⠠ 堠  :
" 

頠 蠠 頠 " 69(083.75) Р 84 VI.
Ԡ
, 2002.
  . 5
.
6.4.



.

8.326-78 ".
", Ҡ 8.552-86 ".

堠 0,03 - 0,4 ", Ҡ 8.197-86 ".


0,04 - 0,25 "
. ,
- "Apc-0,6", "TKA-ABC"
.
,
,
.
蠠 ࠠ ⠠
, , . 3-01 .

7.


7.1. t
,
,
1 - 2 ,
- 0,25 - 0,5 - <=
-1
1 ( >= 1 ).

t, ..
0,25 , 1 .
7.2. 堠 -

.
7.3.
-
, (t) 0,25 - 0,5
.
2 .
7.4.  
,
-
.
(T)
0,25 - 0,5 .

.
7.5. -
蠠 蠠 ,
-
t 1 .
7.6. -
.

8.


8.1.

- (.
1), Ϡ 23-05-95 "
".

(. 2)
(. 3).
 
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.

젠 蠠 ,
.
ʠ
, ,
.
8.2.
()
( ,
) 1,5 - 2
.
 
頠 ꠠ ,
⠠ 젠 .
. 3 23-05-95 "
".
.
, ,
, .
,


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